Afrikiko

Afrikiko

 

Profile of CONTIGO´s partner Afrikiko

Products

Made of soapstone

Location

Tabaka (30 km southwest from Kisii-City, in Kisii County), Kenya – distance to Europe: 6,000 km

Founded in 1996

Tabaka to Göttingen (Source: Google Earth)

Tabaka to Göttingen (Source: Google Earth)

History

  • 1994/1995: Employee of GTZ (now GIZ – German Society for International Cooperation) discover potential of Kenyan soapstone figurines for the international market; they ask Muriuki Njeru (a computer scientist) to introduce them on the German market
  • 1995: Foundation of Afrikiko by Muriuki Njeru, headquarter in Berlin, first trade fair exhibitions
  • 1995: CONTIGO meets Afrikiko and is the first customer of the new company
  • 1996: Six families are employed in the production of soapstone figures in Tabaka, Kisii County (22 people in total)
  • 1996-1997: Muriuki starts structuring work in Tabaka and hires a production manager and three designers (Daniel, Shem, and Moses)
  • 1995-2003: Slow business development
  • 2002: Muriuki´s wife Dagmar decides to no longer continue work as a social worker, and takes over the sales department at Afrikiko
  • Since 2003: Main focus on innovative designs, improved product quality, new colours and shapes. Dagmar invents the heart shape which becomes an international success
  • Since 2004: New customers can be acquired, large orders arrive
  • 2005/2006: Due to strong demand from international businesses, the soapstone handicraft booms. Strong competition starts as other businesses in Tabaka copy the designs from Afrikiko
  • 2006-2007: Muriuki moves to Kenya, further re-organisation of the business, a new designer is hired
  • 2nd half of 2007: Grave political unrest in Kenya, especially in the region around Kisii, losses in production -> economic burglary
  • From mid of 2008 on: Stabilisation of political environment, Greta Herbst (CONTIGO’s designer) visits Afrikiko in Tabaka and works with Afrikiko’s designers for a month to develop new products
  • 2009: Afrikiko’s business is improving again: large orders from international companies arrive, Afrikiko changes the name of the production site in Kenya into Tarazo
  • 2009: Tarazo becomes member of KEFAT (= Kenyan Federation for Alternative Trade)
  • 2010: District office in Nairobi is closed down. All departments such as administration, production and shipping, are now centralised in Tabaka
  • Since 2010: Stronger inclusion of women in the traditionally male-dominated sphere (colouring, engraving and shaping the soapstone)
  • 2014: Workshops of carvers move to the different soapstone sources, establishment of central shelters for the different production steps, improvement of quality control
  • 2017: All in all 26 employees work in Tabaka and Nairobi permanently

Cooperation with CONTIGO since 1996

Structure of the business

Number of employees:

  • Permanent staff: 35 employees in Tabaka, 1 in Nairobi
    • CEO: Murijuki Njeru
    • Production manager: Khaemba Evans
    • Accounting: Elijah Kanyuki
    • Central departments: management, quality control, production management, product development, warehousing, export & shipping, supervision
    • Condition of employment: A-levels or bachelor
    • Staff receive fixed salaries
  • Cooperation all year round with 300 artisans in Tabaka, divided into:
    • 140 artisans: soapstone is washed and sandpapered (3 men, 137 women)
    • 80 carver (79 men, 1 woman)
    • 80 dyer (32 men, 48 women)
    • 60 designer (56 men, 4 women)
    • Artisans receive piece rate payment
  • Cooperation with 8 external, independant workshops
    • Soapstone products (4)
    • Wood products (4)
    • Selected products only, quality control at Afrikiko in Tabaka
    • Artisans receive piece rate payment

Organisation of work:

  • Before starting with an order, all teams are intensively educated
  • Afrikiko provides raw materials and other working tools
  • Daily contact to supervisors of the different groups
  • Regularly agreements between the different supervisores with regards to current orders

Work environment:

  • Main building includes different offices for management, product development, warehousing, teaching new artisans etc.
  • Open workshops (shelters) near to the main building for all production steps after first carving (raw shapes): fine carving, washing, sandpapering, dyeing and engraving
    • Predominantly team work, specialisation on one production steps. Teams are formed on their own, have a group leader
    • Every group is controlled by a supervisor (who examines every single product before it goes next)
    • Payment in groups: piece rate payment (see below: Fair wages)

Production process:

  1. First carve near stone deposits in the surroundings of Tabaka (predominantly done by men, physically strenuous, higher payment)
  2. Control and transport to Afrikiko
  3. Second carve (fine)
  4. Washing and sandpapering (repeated many times), must be performed very carefully for the further step (colour application)
  5. Sun drying
  6. Colouring with textile colours
  7. Designing the finished products: engraving patterns, words, motives
  8. Wax polishing

Artisans are allowed to choose if they would like to work in the central teams or if they want to work from home. Mothers with little children prefer to work from home.

Waschen

Sales

  • Exports (100%) to Germany, the U.S., Italy, UK, Greece, Colombia, Finland, Norway, Australia, Switzerland, and New Zealand

Goals

  • To establish a social centre with the following activities:
    • Child care for the afternoons
    • Space for children to do homework
    • Workshops for computer use
    • Library for children
  • To build further shelters for production that provide workers protection from sun and rain

Special features

  • Afrikiko sets value on the private care and social work in the families, Afrikiko takes over the complete health insurance contributions for the permanent staff, free ambulant treatment at local hospitals for artisans (Afrikiko encourages all artisans to take this opportunity)
  • Afrikiko can offer work all year round for their artisans
  • Piece rate is above average compared to what is paid at other soapstone manufacturers

 

Why does CONTIGO work with Afrikiko: Everyone at Afrikiko is very close, people are proud of the company. That is also noticeable in the very amicable relationship between managers and employees. The team is able to organise itself very well, but there is clear direction provided by management. The employees continuously mention how much they appreciate being able to work at Afrikiko.

 

Fairtrade classification

FTA PLUS = Fairtrade Approved PLUS

 

Fairtrade Aspects

Afrikiko10

Afrikiko complies with the following Fairtrade Principles:

No child labour

No discrimination

No discrimination due to gender, disability, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, political orientation, or infection with HIV.

Many different ethnicities (Luo, Kisii, Kikuju) work together at Afrikiko

Fair wages

  • Average salary in this sector/region: no information for 2017/2018 available
  • Payment system at Afrikiko
    • Permanent employees receive a fixed monthly salary
      • Back staff e.g. for packaging, cleaning:  KSH 7,900/month
      • Most of the employees earn KSH 18,000/month
      • Executive manager: KSH 25,000 – KSH 49,000/month (depending on responsibility)
    • Artisans receive piece rate
      • This piece rate depends on expenditure of time and level of difficulty, is agreed before
      • Bonus payment at the end of the month (in case of good work performance): 9% of order volume is paid out to the team as bonus
  • Monthly salary is transferred to employees own bank account, all permanent staff and artisans have their own bank acounts
  • At the end of each fiscal year, all employees (permanent staff, artisans, trucker) receive a bonus (depends on turnover)
  • Permanent employees receive:
    • Overtime pay (salary is increased by 30% when overtime is required)
    • Holiday bonus (one month salary)

Humane working conditions

Working hours:

  • 8 hours/day
  • 2 breaks (breakfast and lunch)
  • 6 days/week

Social benefits:

Polieren

Permanent staff receive:

  • Afrikiko pays contributions to health insurance (Afrikiko pays both insurance fees for employer and employee)
  • Continued payment of wage in case of sickness or accident
  • Paid holidays (26 days)
  • In event of removal to Tabaka, Afrikiko pays the moving expenses for the employee
  • Accommodation is provided by Afrikiko (at the moment for 5 females employees living outside of Tabaka)

Permanent staff and artisans receive:

  • Financial support (interest-free loans)
    • for school fees for employee´s children
    • in case of emergencies, special family occasions (funeral, long illnesses, operations)
  • Team building event: annual company celebration for all employees at Afrikiko. In addition Afrikiko has an own soccer team.

 

Educational opportunities:

  • First Aid courses
  • Double-loop learning at all production steps
  • Afrikiko provides thorough training of new employees before working on orders

Occupational safety:

  • Working gear and protective clothing (e.g. gloves, breathing masks) are provided by Afrikiko

Transparency

  • Work contracts are available
  • Payroll is available
  • Pay slips are available
  • SAR (Self Assessment Report) was duly submitted to CONTIGO

 

Monitoring

  • Personal visits in Tabaka (2008, 2017)
  • Feedback interview during several visits in Germany
  • Member of:
    • Kenyan Federation for Alternative Trade (KEFAT)

Country information

See Encyclopaedia Britannica: Kenya 

 

Photos

Pictures from March 2017

Waschen_2 Steinabbau Schnitzer Grobschnitz Gravur Feinschnitzen         

Pictures from 2008

Author: Janina Lange on 31. July 2019
Category:

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